Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
The Oxford Standard for the Citation Of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) is the referencing style for law coursework at the University of Southampton. It covers examples of how to cite books, journal articles, websites, blogs, podcasts etc as well as UK and EU cases, statutes and international legal materials. It uses footnotes instead of in-text citations. Footnote markers (superscript numbers) are inserted in the main body of your essay - normally at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation.1 The full reference is written in the corresponding numbered footnote at the bottom of the page, and the footnote is closed with a full-stop.
The following websites and online tutorials provide good examples of OSCOLA referencing for both footnotes and bibliography: