Although many qualities that define 'good' writing apply equally from one subject area to the next, writing between disciplines can vary in interesting ways. In addition to studying the content of your field, you should aspire to better understand how your field's ideas and findings are communicated in writing, from academic essays and dissertations to journal articles and books.
The 'general resources' section of this guide contains training and information to get you started. You can then jump to the heading for your faculty to find writing support specific to your research area.
Guidance on several main subject areas and particular kinds of assignment.
A great place to start for an introduction to writing in your academic field.
Learn about the modes of writing you may need to switch between from one assignment to the next, including evaluative, comparative, argumentative, descriptive, and reflective. [*Log in with 'University of Southampton' as your institution.]
Links to information on writing in journalism, healthcare, social sciences, and more.
Straightforward steps to help you read like a writer and better understand conventions in your field.
An invaluable tool for getting to grips with the turns of phrase, sentence structures, and word choices commonly used to express ideas and findings in academic writing. Save to your favourites!
A guide that goes through structural and stylistic elements of biology writing.
Students about to embark on an environmental science research project, including dissertations, will benefit from this thorough but approachable guide: research questions, data collection and analysis, writing strategies, and more.
Access this book for practical and approachable support as you undertake a dissertation or other research project in geography or a related field.
Thorough support in critical reading, coherence in writing, and pitfalls to avoid.
A detailed look at the main sections of the writing, with an annotated sample paper to illustrate.
Short videos on using sources, critical evaluation, planning, structure and more.
Brief handout with tips on clarity, precision, and detail in science writing.
Includes everything from planning to proofreading strategies, with a great section on adapting your writing to different formats (e.g. essays, portfolios, posters, oral exams, and more).
Feedback say your work is too 'descriptive'? That it needs to be more 'critical' and 'analytical'? Check out this guide for help.
Covers models for critically appraising evidence, explorations of qualitative and quantitative research, time management while writing, and much more.
Guides you through the process of conducting a systematic literature review, from developing your question and protocol to writing up and editing.
Chapters include specific guidance on evaluating research and writing up academic assessments, research proposals, and more.
What does it mean for an essay to be analytical and coherent? How can you build an effective structure? Where should you begin? This book can help you answer those questions and build a strong foundation in academic writing.
Concise but helpful guidance on developing a good topic or question for historical research.
Covers some common types of historical writing as well as pitfalls to avoid.
Covers best practices of style/voice, types of assignment, using sources and more.
Support with critical evaluation and philosophical questioning.
Comprehensive support with purpose, audience, argumentation, narrative, and style.
Support for each stage of the writing process, from thesis development through conclusion.
An engaging look at both the pre-writing and writing processes that will interest writers in other creative fields, too.
Includes sections on writing about general literature, poetry, film, fiction, and world literature, with a clear glossary of literary terms to use in your essays.
Beginning foundations in creative nonfiction, flash fiction, character development, and poetry.
Move beyond general observation or opinion and into richer critique.
Includes helpful advice on what to do and what to avoid in writing critically about music.
Includes tips on integrating sources and data as well as advice from professors.
Outlines the key qualities of strong writing in political science.
Explores types of economic papers (theory, empirical, combined), research, structure, and more.
Advice on argument, evidence, analysis, and more in sociology writing.
Covers case analysis, using specialty legal sources, critical and judicial thinking, tackling extended projects, and more: a must for any law student.
Includes examples of student writing, guidance on different writing tasks (exams, essays, dissertations, etc.), help avoiding plagiarism, and other key writing skills for law students.
Videos to support writing in engineering, including reports and memos.
Guidance on writing engineering reports, including typical structure and visual design.
A helpful starter guide covering verb tense, use of jargon, headings and more.
A comprehensive book/e-book covering the writing process, structure in scientific writing, and more.
A book/e-book to assist science and engineering students in producing papers of publishable quality.
A 'couch to 5K'-style workbook to help engineering students with every step of drafting a literature review.
Explores how to tailor scientific/technical writing to your target audience, from voice to structure.
A detailed handbook full of writing examples to illustrate its key points.
Designed to help students and professionals alike identify and correct errors in their writing.
Particularly suited to postgraduate students and beyond, with an emphasis on managing a significant research project.
A must for medical students working to critically reflect upon their practice.
Covers research ethics, academic writing, plagiarism, grant proposals, literature reviews, systematic reviews, and more.
Explores manuscript structure, data handling, and more, with a section on transforming academic work into a publishable article.